How does Omega-3-Fettsaeuren work?
Fats differ substantially. Some make thick and can make even ill,
others possess an important protective function for heart and
containers. Does the difference lie where exactly? Fats are an
important component of our daily food. Their most important task
is it to supply together with proteins and coal hydrates energy.
Fats are considered
however as Dickmacher and unhealthily, since they supply more
than twice as much energy such as proteins and coal hydrates.
Fats can actually cause many illnesses, if they are supplied in
the oversize. But they have also vital tasks in the body: They
are carriers of the fat-soluble vitamine, building and protective
agents. Fatty acids are built into the cell walls and determine
their operability. In addition determined signal substances, the
Eikosanoide from fatty acids, which affect above all the blood
circulation system, develop.
their health use fats differ substantially, depending upon the
fatty acids contained in them.
and differences of the fatty acids:
Satisfied fatty acids:
Reduce! The neutralfette constitute the largest part of the fat
in our food, which the scientist calls triglyceride. They consist
of one glycerin part and three fatty acids and form the form of
a dreizinkigen comb. Additionally fatty acids are contained of
fat-similar substances in free form and as a component in the
food. The fatty acids differ in their chemical structure. This
structure determines, how the fat affects the blood fat values
and with it our health. A distinction of the fatty acids takes
place after the number of their carbon atoms? the "chain
length in such a way specified"? and the number of the double
bonds in the molecule. Forwards, it does not concern couches double
bonds satisfied fatty acids, while insatiated fatty acids exhibit
one or more double bonds. Satisfied fatty acids have the largest
negative influence on the Serumcholesterin. Satisfied fatty acids
occur mainly in animal food.
A supply of the satisfied fatty acids with the food is not necessary
actually, because the organism can manufacture it if necessary.
The body would get along without it even still better.
fatty acids? Take!
Simply insatiated fatty acids, like oleic acid, have a high value
in the heart-healthy nutrition, since they lower
the LDL Cholesterin and the triglyceride values, without lowering
the container-protecting HDL Cholesterin. They are particularly
contained in olive and rapeseel oil.
Several times insatiated fatty acids
They cannot be formed by the body either at all or only quantity
reduced in. They must be supplied regularly with the food. Depending
upon structure a distinction in two important groups of several
times insatiated fatty acids takes place, the Omega-6 and the
Omega-3-Fettsaeuren. The general agent of the Omega-6-Fettsaeuren
is the essenzielle Linolsaeure. It is contained in nearly all
plant germs. Rich sources of this fatty acid are sunflowers -,
thistle and Sojaoel. From Linolsaeure further representatives
of the Omega-6-Fettsaeuren can develop as for example for Arachidonsaeure
in the organism.
Under the several times insatiated fatty acids the Omega-3-Fettsaeuren
is particularly health favorable. The essenzielle alpha Linolensaeure
is a Omega-3-Fettsaeure, which occurs in linseed oil, Soja (products),
rapeseel oil, and Nuessen. Fischoele from fat-rich fish places
such as salmon, herring or Makrele contain directly the langkettigen
Omega-3-Fettsaeuren. For this the Eicosapentaensaeure and Docosahexaensaeure
count, shortened as EPA and DHA. These two fatty acids are characterised
by a particularly high number of carbon atoms and under the term
Eikosane are summarized.
does Omega-3-Fettsaeuren work?
are built into cell walls and affect so their mobility. For example
red blood corpuscles become by the installation of several times
insatiated fatty acids into their diaphragm more mobile and more
ductile. So they can flow also by smallest blood vessels and supply
all fabric well with oxygen. Both from Omega-6 and from Omega-3-Fettsaeuren
messenger materials, the Eikosanoide are manufactured. But the
fatty acids from the cell walls are set free and converted by
special enzymes. The Eiksanoide coming out from Omega-3 and Omega-6-Fettsaeuren
has completely different effects. From Omega-6-Fettsaeuren developing
Eikosanoide promotes the blood clotting in addition, inflammation
procedures. Omega-3-Fettsaeuren against it are converted to Eikosanoiden,
which decrease inflammation reactions and which restrain clumping
the blood panels. Thus they promote the blood circulation and
protect against Thrombosen. For the change to Eikosanoiden both
kinds of fatty acid need the same enzymes. If many Omega-6-Fettsaeuren
however only few Omega-3-Fettsaeuren are taken up, develop more
Eikosanoide from Omega-6-Fettsaeuren.
It is important to take both kinds of fatty acid in a balanced
relationship on. A relationship of 1:5 has the best effect for
eskimos at cardiovascular diseases suffer less
Already in the year 1944 the British biochemist Dr. Hugh Sinclair
determined that with the eskimos living in Canada cardiovascular
diseases arose rarely. This appears paradoxical at first sight,
eats the eskimos nevertheless fat-rich and hardly fresh fruit
and vegetable. Sinclair assumed that the fish-rich food of the
eskimos was the reason for this heart protection. This theory
was only examined in detail into the 1970er years.
Today it is
well-known that the large portion of Omega-3-Fettsaeuren in the
nutrition of the eskimos had the positive effect.
A large study
(GISSI study) showed with regular income from daily a gram Eikosanen
during one period from 3 years that the risk of a cardiovascular
event was reduced by 15 per cent. The mortality was smaller around
20 per cent than in the group of placebos. But the positive effects
of the Omega-3-Fettsaeuren still go beyond the protection of heart
acids against Cholesterin
They lower clearly the blood fat values: They have in addition,
the largest influence on the triglyceride values, lower the Gesamtcholesterin.
This effect was proven in many large long-term studies. They on
the average reach a sinking of the triglyceride values by the
income of Eikosanen around 20 to 25 per cent, the Gesamtcholesterin
around approximately 10 per cent are lowered. However only the
harmful LDL Cholesterin sinks, while the HDL Cholesterin rises.
The Omega-3-Fettsaeuren obtains this effect, by restraining the
production of neutralfetten and Lipoproteinen in the liver. They
accelerate besides the dismantling of the Lipoproteine in the
veins and the liver.
Lipoproteine are the transportation forms of the fats in the blood.
acids lower the blood pressure
acids improve the ductility of the Erythrozyten and improve so
the blood circulation. Omega-3- Fat acids energize the formation
of nitrogen monoxide, a material, which extends the veins. Also
this improves the blood circulation and lowers the blood pressure.
acids keep the blood liquid
From Omega-3- Fat acids the Zusammenballung of blood panels reduces
and restrains so the formation of Blutgerinnseln (Thromben) in
the veins. Also Thromben already formed is again dissolved under
the influence by Omega-3-Fettsaeuren. This improves also the general
acids against inflammations
Omega-3-Fat acids work entzuendungshemmend. This effect is used
also with the therapy by inflammatory illnesses such as charge,
rheumatoider Arthritis (rheumatism), Psoriasis (shed lichen) and
Neurodermitis. Also with chronically inflammatory intestine illnesses
(disease Crohn and Colitis ulcerosa) Omega-3-Fettsaeuren shows
are Omega-3- Fat acids contained?
In larger quantities almost exclusively in fat-rich chilled water
fish. The best sources are herring, Makrele, salmon and Thunfisch.
Vegetarians take up Omega-3-Fettsaeuren also in flax seeds, Nuessen
and soy products. In order to take up therapeutically effective
quantities, would have weekly two fish meals with in each case
150 to 200 gram fat fish verzehrt to become. But the fish quantity
available per head in Germany is appropriate for Bonn according
to the nourishing report 2000 of the German society for nutrition
(DGE) e.V., only with approximately 7.5 kilograms per year. In
order to be able, special fish oil preparations taken to ensure
a sufficient and durable income by Omega-3- Fat acids. It is recommendable
to use high-quality products as they are available as medicaments
in pharmacies. These are subject to special quality requirements
and are besides their content of pollutants examined.