study shows that: Babies even as young as twelve months receive
"emotional information" through TV and act accordingly
pay attention to what the TV tells their babies. Because, for
a one-year-old the TV world is not less realistic than the real
world. They process the information shown on TV and their actions
get affected by them. This is revealed in a study by psychologist
Donna Mumme published in the "Child Development" specialist
Experiment: Education through TV
The psychologist, in cooperation with Anne Fernald of Stanford
University, tried to answer the question: What do babies learn
when they observe their parents in certain actions and how much
attention they pay to TV in the same place? Mumme, specialist
for nonverbal communication in children and Fernald carried out
two researches for ten to twelve-month-old babies for two hours.
They had prepared a video cassette in which the actor displayed
different reactions towards various objects in front of him. The
actor, displayed his feelings with positive, negative or neutral
reactions to the objects with the help of his facial expression
and voice. And he ignored some objects. Among the objects were
a blue ball and a piece of a yellow hose.
Result: Babies react to TV
After the video cassette was shown on TV the same objects are
given to the pabies to play with. If the actor on TV shows positive
or neutral reaction to the object in question, the baby plays
with it happily. It was observed that babies keep away from objects
the actor reacts in a negative way and they play with others.
Psychologists draw the conclusion that, babies make their decisions
according to the emotional reactions of grown-ups around them.
These also include information coming through TV.
Television - is attractive only after the tenth month
The study suggests that the ability to learn through TV developes
only between the tenth and the twelvth months. Because in tests
carried out with ten-month-old babies these type of reactions
are not observed: They played with toys regardless of the feeling
conveyed by the actor on TV. "So, parents should think twice
before they speak with a stong ton of voice in front of their
children and they shouldn‘t let their children watch TV
programs that do not suit their age", adds Mumme.